« October 2011 »

Sat Oct 22, 2011

Tue Oct 25, 2011

Ethical Dimensions of a World without Nuclear Weapons

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Location: Hesburgh Center Auditorium

William Perry
Former Secretary of Defense

The dangers of global nuclear holocaust have diminished since the end of the Cold War, as nuclear weapons arsenals have declined nearly 80 percent and East-West political relations have improved. Despite this, the threat of nuclear proliferation has worsened and the risks of a nuclear weapon exploding somewhere in the world have increased, according to some experts.…

Fri Oct 28, 2011

Aristotle: A Discourse on Methods

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Location: 220 Malloy

James Lennox
Why do we Breathe? Aristotle on the Hunt for Final Causes History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh

As Aristotle details in the first seven chapters of On Respiration, a number of his predecessors had presented theories about breathing—and all of them, in Aristotle’s view, had gone seriously astray.  In this talk I will not, except incidentally, focus on what he thinks they got wrong.  Rather, I will focus on what Aristotle has to say about why they went wrong, and what they ought to have done to keep their inquiries on track.  We will use this topic as a vehicle for exploring the norms Aristotle defends for inquiry into organic processes, and more generally his views about norms of scientific inquiry.  In the process I challenge a number of misconceptions about Aristotle’s philosophy of science and his scientific practice.…