JAMES T. CUSHING
Professor of Physics

University of Notre Dame
 

BORN: February 4, 1937 AT: Long Beach, California

Education

Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois; 1959; B.S. (Physics)

Northwestern University; 1960; M.S. (Physics)

University of Iowa; 1963; Ph.D. (Physics)

Professional History

Woodrow Wilson and NSF Predoctoral Fellow, 1959-63

Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Iowa, 1963-64

NSF Postdoctoral Fellow, Imperial College, London, 1964-65

Postdoctoral Research Associate, Argonne National Laboratory, 1965-66

Assistant Professor of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 1966-69

Associate Professor of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 1969-78

Professor of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 1978-present

Professor of Philosophy, University of Notre Dame, 1990-1993

Research Areas

History and Philosophy of Twentieth Century Physics

Foundational Problems in Quantum Theory

Honors and Grants

Visiting Professor of Physics, 1969-70, Hampton Institute under auspices of Woodrow Wilson Foundation

Director of NSF Summer Institute in Physics, 1971

Visiting Scientist in AIP Visiting Scientists Program, 1971-72

Participant in Seminar on Historical Development of Science, England, 1978

Lilly Faculty Open Fellow, 1978-79

Academic Visitor, London School of Economics, Spring 1980

National Research Council Travel Grant to Conference in Salzburg, Austria, 1983

Recipient James Shilts Award, College of Science, for excellence in teaching, 1983

Recipient Summer Stipend Award, Lilly Endowment, 1984

Principal Investigator, National Science Foundation Research Grant in the History and Philosophy of Science, 1984-85

Invited participant at the International Symposium on Particle Physics in the 1950's, Fermilab, May 1-4, 1985

Invited participant at the Conference on New Techniques and Ideas in Quantum Measurement Theory, sponsored by the New York Academy of Sciences, New York City, January 21-24, 1986

Member editorial advisory board for the series Science and Philosophy (Kluwer Academic Publishers). 1986-present

Principal Investigator, National Science Foundation Research Grant in the History and Philosophy of Science, 1986-87

National Research Council Travel Grant to Conference in Moscow, USSR, 1987

Academic Visitor, London School of Economics, Fall 1987

Visiting Fellow, St. Edmund's College and the History and Philosophy of Science Department, Cambridge University, Winter and Summer Terms, 1988

Principal Investigator, National Science Foundation Research Grant (Scholar's Award) in the History and Philosophy of Science, 1987-88

Member of American Association of Physics Teachers National Committee on History and Philosophy of Physics, 1988-1991

National Endowment for the Humanities Grant to direct the Conference on Philosophical Lessons From Quantum Theory, University of Notre Dame, October, 1988

Principal Investigator, National Science Foundation Research Grant in the History and Philosophy of Science, 1989-1991

Chaired a session on Physical Sciences and gave the paper "Conceptual and Social Factors in the Nonacceptance of Causal Quantum Theory" at the XVIII International Congress of History of Science held in Hamburg and Munich, Germany, August 1-9, 1989

Member of the American Physical Society's Program Committee, 1989-91

Organized and chaired an invited session on "Philosophy in Physics" at the annual joint meeting of the American Physical Society/American Association of Physics Teachers Meeting, Atlanta, GA, January 20-25, 1990

Fellow, Reilly Center for Science, Technology and Values, University of Notre Dame, 1989-present

Organized and chaired an invited session on"Determinism and Causality in Physics" at the annual joint meeting of the American Physical Society/American Association of Physics Teachers Meeting, San Antonio, TX, January 21-24, 1991

Visiting Scientist in AIP Visiting Scientist Program, 1991-1995

National Research Council Travel Grant to Conference in Uppsala, Sweden, 1991

Member of the Nominating Committee of the History of Physics Division of the American Physical Society, 1991-1993

Principle Investigator, National Science Foundation Grant in the History and Philosophy of Science, 1992-93

Member, editorial board, Foundations of Physics Letters, 1992- present

Invited chair of a session for the centennial celebration of the Physics Department at the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, December 2, 1992

History of Science Society Travel Grant to Conference in Zaragoza, Spain, August, 1993

Academic Visitor, London School of Economics, Fall 1994

Visiting Fellow, Wolfson College, Cambridge University, Winter and Summer Terms, 1995

Academic Visitor, History and Philosophy of Science Department, Cambridge University, Winter and Summer Terms, 1995

Academic Visitor, Philosophy Faculty, Cambridge University, Winter and Summer Terms, 1995

Co-organizer of the conference "Quantum Theory without Observers" at Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany, July 24-28, 1995

Member, editorial board, Studies History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 1995-present

Member, Editorial Committee, Science & Education, 1996-1999

Member of the Program Committee for the 1998 Biennial Philosophy of Science Association Meeting

Loyola University (Chicago) Alumnus of the Year Award, November 1998

Elected Fellow of the American Physical Society, November 1998

Member, editorial board, Physics in Perspective, 1998-present

Member, editorial board, Fundamental Theories of Physics (Kluwer Academic Press), 1999-present

Invited Addresses/Refereed Conference Papers since 1980

London School of Economics, London, England, March, 1980; "The Philosophical Import of Bell's Theorem"

Chelsea College, London, England, April, 1980; "Models in High-Energy Theoretical Physics"

Philosophy of Science Association Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, October, 1982; "Models, High-Energy Theoretical Physics and Realism"

7th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Salzburg, Austria, July, 1983; "Is There Just One Possible World? Contingency vs. the Bootstrap"

Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN, November, 1983; "The Bell Theorems, Locality and All That"

Panelist for Discussion "Hidden Variables and the Implicate Order" at Conference Beyond Mechanism, University of Notre Dame, March, 1984

Philosophy of Science Association Meeting, Chicago, IL, October, 1984; "The Convergence and Content of Scientific Opinion"

DePauw University, Greencastle, IN, November, 1984; "Bell's Theorem: Determinism or Locality?"

Philadelphia Philosophy Symposium on Quantum Mechanics and Scientific Realism held at Villanova University, March, 1985; "Cartwright's Pragmatism and Heelan's Hermeneutics in the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics"

Center for Interdisciplinary Study of Science and Technology, Northwestern University, April, 1985; "Does Science Produce Stable Knowledge? If So, How?"

XVIIth International Congress for the History of Science, Berkeley, California, August, 1985; "The Importance of Heisenberg's S-Matrix Program for the Theoretical High-Energy Physics of the 1950's"

Oxford University, Oxford, England, June, 1986; "Foundational Problems In and Methodological Lessons from Quantum Field Theory"

De Pauw University, Greencastle, IN, October, 1986; "Electromagnetic Mass, Relativity and the Kaufmann Experiments"

Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, October, 1986; "The Role of Science and Technology in a Liberal Education"

Conference on Testing Theories of Scientific Change, VPI, Blacksburg, VA, October, 1986; "The Justification and Content of Scientific Theories"

Philosophy of Science Association Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, October, 1986; "Causality as an Overarching Principle in Physics"

Conference on the History of Field and Gauge Theory, Utah State University, Logan, UT, July, 1987; "The S Matrix and Its Relation to Quantum Field Theory"

8th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Moscow, USSR, August, 1987; "A Naturalized, Socialized, But Highly Constrained Model of Scientific Change"

Conference on Philosophical Lessons From Quantum Theory, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, October, 1987; "The Bell Theorems: A Pandora's Box"

London School of Economics, London, England, November, 1987; "Can We Understand Our (Quantum) World?"

American Philosophical Association Meeting, New York City, December 28, 1987; "Representations, Reduction and Realism: Reflections on Schweber's Phenomenological Quantum Field Theories"

Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, March, 1988; "The S Matrix: A Role for Dead-End Theories?"

King's College, London, England, May 1988; "Can the Philosophy of Science Be Ahistorical in Any Interesting Sense?"

American Physical Society Meeting, Baltimore, May 1, 1989; "On the Nonacceptance of Viable Theories: The S-Matrix Program and Bohm's Causal Quantum Theory"

Conference on The Observer and the Observed, Vivekananda Monastery and Retreat, Ganges, MI, May 27, 1989, "David Bohm's Causal Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics and Its Relation to His Implicate Order"

XVIIIth International Congress for the History of Science, Hamburg and Munich, Germany, August 1-9, 1989; "Conceptual and Social Factors in the Nonacceptance of Causal Quantum Theory"

1989 Annual Conference of the Association for General and Liberal Studies, Butler University, Indianapolis, IN, October 19-21, 1989; "Scientific Explanation vs. Scientific Worldviews"

First International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science in Science Teaching, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, November 5-10, 1989; "History and Philosophy in Introductory Physics: What is the Problem?"

Boston University, Boston, MA, March 22, 1990; "Understanding, Copenhagen Quantum Mechanics and Historical Contingency"

Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, April 12, 1990; "The Copenhagen vs. the Causal Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics"

Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1990, Joensuu, Finland, August 13-17, 1990; "Copenhagen Hegemony: Need It Be So?"

Eta Kappa Nu induction dinner speaker, South Bend, IN, December 5, 1990; "Why Do We Do Science?"

American Association of Physics Teachers Meeting, San Antonio, TX, January 23, 1991; "Physics: Its Principles, History and Philosophy — a Resource"

American Philosophical Association, Chicago, IL, April 25-27, 1991; "Underdetermination, Conventionalism and Realism: The 'Copenhagen' vs. the Bohm Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics"

Interviewee and discussion panelist for the four-part science and religion TV series, Life Choices, produced by Golden Dome Productions (University of Notre Dame), April 14, 1991, and aired nationally

9th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Uppsala, Sweden, August 7-14, 1991; "Quantum Mechanics, Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Interpretation"

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, September 12, 1991; "What's the Problem With Causal Quantum Theory?"

International Conference on Bell's Theorem and the Foundations of Modern Physics, Cesena, Italy, October 7-10, 1991: "What If Bell Had Come Before 'Copenhagen'?"

History of Science Society Meeting, Madison,WI, October 30-November 3, 1991; "The Fate of Causal Quantum Theory"

University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, November 14, 1991; " 'Copenhagen' vs. 'Bohm': An Interesting Case of Underdetermination" and "Changing Perceptions of Determinism in Physics"

Bradley University, Peroria, IL, November 21-22, 1991; "Bell's Theorem, Quantum Mechanics and the Nature of Physical Reality", "The Fall From the Bacon-Descartes Ideal", and "The Measurement Problem and Schrödinger's Cat Paradox"

Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, April 9-10, 1992; "Bell's Theorem, Quantum Mechanics and the Nature of Physical Reality", "The Fall From the Bacon-Descartes Ideal" and "The Measurement Problem and Schrödinger's Cat Paradox"

Second International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science in Science Teaching, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, May 11-15, 1992; "Physics: Its Principles, History and Philosophy"

Third International Symposium on The History of Particle Physics, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, June 24-27, 1992; commentator on "Toward Gauge Theories"

London School of Economics, London, England, July 10, 1992; "Einstein's (1927) Hidden Variables Theory"

Workshop in Occasion of Louis de Broglie's 100th Birthday, Trani, Italy, September 24-30, 1992; "Why Local Realism?"

Utrecht University, The Netherlands, September 29, 1992; "Historical Contingency in Theory Selection: 'Copenhagen' versus Causal Quantum Mechanics"

Philosophy of Science Association Meeting, Chicago, IL, October 29-November 1, 1992; "Historical Contingency and Theory Selection in Science"

Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, November 5, 1992; "Bell's Theorem, Quantum Mechanics and the Nature of Physical Reality"

Butler University, Indianapolis IN, November 17-18, 1992; "Bell's Theorem, Quantum Mechanics and the Nature of Physical Reality", "The Fall From the Bacon-Descartes Ideal" and "The Measurement Problem and Schrödinger's Cat Paradox"

JuCo Conference, Pittsburgh State University, Pittsburgh, Kansas, February 27, 1993; "Bell's Theorem, Quantum Mechanics and the Nature of Physical Reality"

Conference on the Underdetermination of Scientific Theories, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC, March 19-21, 1993; "Is Quantum Mechanics an Interesting Case of Underdetermination?"

University of Missouri, Kansas City, MO, April 2, 1993; "Bell's Theorem, Quantum Mechanics and the Nature of Physical Reality"

Wittenberg University, Springfield, OH, April 21-22, 1993; "Causal Quantum Theory: A Case of Underdetermination?", "The Fall From the Bacon-Descartes Ideal" and "The Measurement Problem and Schrödinger's Cat Paradox"

XIXth International Congress for the History of Science, Zaragoza, Spain, August 22-29, 1993; "Einstein's 1927 Attempt at a Hidden-Variables Theory and the Fifth Solvay Congress"

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, January 26, 1994; "Why the 'Copenhagen' Hegemony?"

Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1994, Helsinki, Finland, June 13-16, 1994; "Can Tunneling Times Discriminate Between 'Bohm' and 'Copenhagen'?"

American Association of Physics Teachers Meeting, Notre Dame, IN, August 8-13, 1994; "The Implications of Quantum Mechanics for Our World View"

Third UK Conference on Foundations of Quantum Theory and Relativity, Cambridge, England, September 13-16, 1994; "Quantum Tunneling Times in Bohm's Theory"

Centre for the Philosophy of Science, London School of Economics, London, UK, October 5, 1994; "Bohm's Theory and Benign Nonlocality"

Conference on Conceptual Problems of Relativistic Quantum Mechanics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, October 7-9, 1994; "What Measurement Problem?"

Philosophy of Science Association Meeting, New Orleans, LA, October 13-16, 1994; "Locality/Separability: Is This Necessarily a Useful Distinction?"

History of Science Society Meeting, New Orleans, LA, October 13-16, 1994; "Marginalizing a Competitor: Copenhagen versus Causal Quantum Theory"

London School of Economics, London, England, October 25, 1994; "It Is the Theory Which Decides What We Can Observe"

London School of Economics, London, England, November 16, 1994; "Quantum Tunneling Times and Theory Underdetermination"

Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, November 29, 1994; "Bohm's Theory and the Measurement Problem"

University of Leeds, Leeds, England, January 18, 1995; "Who Was Correct About Quantum Mechanics: Bohr or Einstein?"

Queen Mary College, London, England, January 23, 1995; "Some Recent Developments in Bohmian Mechanics"

Cambridge University, Cambridge England, January 24, 1995; "Can Tunneling Times Be Used to Distinguish Between 'Copenhagen' and 'Bohm'?"

University of Munich, Munich, Germany; January 27, 1995; "How the Causal Quantum Theory Program Was Marginalized"

University College of the University of London, February 6, 1995; "Why the 'Copenhagen' Hegemony?"

Cambridge University, Cambridge England, February 9, 1995; "Historical Contingency and Theory Selection"

Oxford University, Oxford, England, February 21, 1995; "Historical Contingency and Scientific Realism"

Oxford University, Oxford, England, February 22, 1995; "Quantum Tunneling Times: Standard Quantum Mechanics Versus Bohm's Theory"

Imperial College, London, England, February 28, 1995; "What's Wrong With Deterministic Quantum Mechanics?"

University of Surrey, Guildford, England, March 9, 1995; "'Copenhagen' Versus 'Bohm'"

University of Louvain, Louvain, Belgium, March 11, 1995; "Quantum Mechanics and Underdetermination: A Difficulty for Scientific Realism?"

Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel, March 23, 1995; "Quantum Mechanics: A Case of Duhem-Quine Theory Underdetermination?"

Cambridge University, Cambridge England, July 20, 1995; "Chaos and the Classical Limit in Bohmian Mechanics"

Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany, July 24-28, 1995; chair of the workshop "The Quantum Mechanics of Time Measurements"

Annual Meeting of the Illinois Section of the American Association of Physics Teachers, Bradley University, Peoria, IL, October 27, 1995; "Philosophical Concepts in Physics: Determinism versus Indeterminism"

3rd International Conference on History and Philosophy of Science in Science Teaching, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, October 29-November 1, 1995; "Hermeneutics, Underdetermination and Quantum Mechanics"

American Association for the Advancement of Science Meeting, Baltimore, MN, February 9, 1996; "Science Studies and the Advancement of Science"

Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, February 12, 1997; "Need Quantum Mechanics Be Indeterministic?"

American Philosophical Association Central Division Meeting. Pittsburgh, PA, April 24-26, 1997; invited commentator on C. Liu's "Decoherence and Quantum Measurement"

Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, September 8, 1997; "The Quantum-Mechanical World View: Deterministic or Indeterministic?"

Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark, March 20, 1998; "Quantum Mechanics and Realism: A Conflict?"

World Congress of Philosophy, Boston, MA, August 10, 1998; "Quantum Mechanics and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge"

David Bohm Symposium: Foundations of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, September 21-25, 1998; "The Quantum-Mechanical World View: Deterministic or Indeterministic?"

III International Ontology Congress on the Concept of Nature from Greek Thought to Quantum Mechanics, San Sebastian, Spain, and Saint-Jean-de-Luz, France, October 1-5, 1998; "Bohmian Mechanics and Its Ontological Commitments"

Philosophy of Science Association Meeting, Kansas City, MO, October 22-25; "Bohmian Insights into Quantum Chaos"

Loyola University, Chicago, IL, November 20, 1998; "The Fall From the Bacon-Descartes Ideal"

Rice University, Houston, TX, February 10-11, 1999; "Bohmian Mechanics: A New Conception of Physics" and "Some Unexpected Limits on Scientific Knowledge"

Hope College, Holland, MI, February 26, 1999; "The Quantum-Mechanical World View: Deterministic or Indeterministic?"

Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI, April 16, 1999; "The Quantum-Mechanical World View: Deterministic or Indeterministic?"

University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, April 30, 1999; roundtable discussion at the workshop on Identity and Individuation in Modern Physics

Seven Pines Symposium on the Field Concept in Physics, Lewis, WI, May 5-9, 1999; "The Historical Development of Quantum Field Theory"

Pre-Conference on Science and Theology, Wye College (University of London), Wye, UK, September 24-27, 1999; "Some Comments of Bell's Theorem"

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, October 14, 1999; "Which Side, If Either, Is Correct About the 'Science Wars' Conflict?"

Bar-Hillel Colloquium in the History and Philosophy of Science, University of Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel, May 15, 2000, and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel, May 17, 2000; "Historical Contingency and the Quantum Revolution"

Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, June 2, 2000; "Contingency and Dialogue: Their Relation in the Quantum Revolution"

Vatican Observatory Conference on Quantum Physics and Quantum Field Theory, Castel Gandolfo, Rome, Italy, June 25-July 1, 2000; "Determinism versus Indeterminism in Quantum Mechanics: A 'Free' Choice"

IV International Ontology Congress, Madrid and San Sebastian, Spain, October 2-7, 2000; "Causality, Explanation and Understanding After Bell's Theorem"

Creighton University, Omaha, NE, October 26-27, 2000; "The Fall From the Bacon-Descartes Ideal" and "The Quantum-Mechanical World View: Deterministic or Indeterministic?"

Miami University, Oxford, OH, November 8, 2000; "The Quantum-Mechanical World View: Deterministic or Indeterministic?"

University of Eastern Tennessee, Johnson City, TN, November 16, 2000; "The Quantum-Mechanical World View: Deterministic or Indeterministic?"

Centenary Meeting of the German Physical Society (DPG), Berlin, Germany, December 11-15, 2000; "The Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Through 1935"

Memberships in Professional Organizations

American Association of Physics Teachers

American Philosophical Society

American Physical Society, Fellow

Association Henri Poincaré (Paris)

British Society for the Philosophy of Science

History of Science Society

Phi Beta Kappa

Philosophy of Science Association

Royal Society of Arts (London), Fellow

Sigma Xi

Reviewing

Reviewer for Mathematical Reviews from 1965 to 1972.

Manuscript reviewer for Journal of Mathematical Physics from 1972 to 1982.

Book reviewer for American Journal of Physics since 1976.

Manuscript reviewer for American Journal of Physics since 1976.

Manuscript reviewer for Philosophy of Science since 1979.

Book reviewer for Philosophy of Science since 1985.

Book reviewer for Foundations of Physics since 1986.

Manuscript reviewer for Centaurus since 1990.

Book reviewer for Physics Today since 1990.

Book reviewer for Centaurus since 1991.

Manuscript reviewer for Physics Letters A since 1991.

Manuscript reviewer for Physical Review Letters since 1991.

Manuscript reviewer for Foundations of Physics since 1992.

Manuscript reviewer for Synthese since 1993.

Manuscript reviewer for Perspectives on Science since 1993.

Manuscript reviewer for Revue d'Histoire des Sciences since 1994.

Publications

A. Papers

1. "A Double Disperson Relation for a Class of Nonlocal Potentials," J. T. Cushing, Nuovo Cimento 28, 818-833 (1963).

2. "A Simple Nonlocal Model for High-Energy Scattering," J. T. Cushing, Nuovo Cimento 31, 688-690 (1964).

3. "Analyticity of Compound-Particle Scattering Amplitudes," J. T. Cushing, Nuovo Cimento 33, 988-989 (1964).

4. "Analyticity of Bound-State Scattering Amplitudes," J. T. Cushing, Nuovo Cimento 36, 586-603 (1965).

5. "Inelastic Bound-State Scattering in Separable Approximation," J. T. Cushing, Nuovo Cimento 36, 905-915 (1965).

6. "A Model for the Connected Part of the Three-Body Amplitude," J. T. Cushing, Nuovo Cimento 38, 463-482 (1965).

7. "Internal Symmetries in a Coupled-Channel Soluble Model with Inelasticity," James.T. Cushing, Physical Review 148, 1558-1573 (1966).

8. "SU(3) in a Byers-Yang Model," James T. Cushing, Physical Review 160, 1506-1510 (1967).

9. "Vector Lorentz Transformations," James T. Cushing, American Jouranal of Physics 35, 858-862 (1967).

10. "Asymptotic p-pÆpon and p-pÆhn Cross Sections from Separability Unitarity," James T. Cushing, Physics Letters 25B, 339-340 (1967).

11. "Exact Static-Model Bootstrap Solutions for Arbitrary 2 ¥ 2 Crossing Matrices," James T. Cushing, Journal of Mathematical Physics 10, 1319-1326 (1969).

12. "Broken-Symmetry Mass Formula for the JP = 1/2+ Baryon Octet from S-Matrix Theory," James T. Cushing and Udo W. Pooch, Physical Review D1, 2955-2961 (1970).

13. "Relativistic Bohr Model with Finite-Mass Nucleus," James T. Cushing, American Journal of Physics 38, 1145-1150 (1970).

14. "Internal Symmetry Propagation in the Strong-Interaction S Matrix," James T. Cushing, Physical Review D4, 1177-1184 (1971).

15. "Coulomb Corrections to pp Scattering," Cheng-jean Chen and James T. Cushing, Physical Review D8, 542-555 (1973).

16. "Radiative Corrections for the Processes p±pÆp±p+n," Brian Cheng-jean Chen and James T. Cushing, Physical Review D10, 113-135 (1974).

17. "Inverse Scattering Problem in Nonrelativistic S-matrix Theory," James T. Cushing, Physical Review D15, 1790-1795 (1977).

18. Review of Frank Chorlton's, Vector and Tensor Methods, American Journal of Physics 45, 110 (1977).

19. Review of Peter J. Brancazio's, The Nature of Physics, American Journal of Physics 45, 227-229 (1977).

20. Review of Leon N. Cooper's, An Introduction to the Meaning and Structure of Physics, American Journal of Physics 46, 114-116 (1978).

21. Review of Ernest S. Abers and Charles F. Kennel's Matter in Motion: The Spirit and Evolution of Physics, American Journal of Physics 46, 3l3 (1978).

22. "S-matrix Inverse Scattering Problem via A Fixed-Point Theorem," James T. Cushing, Physical Review D18, 1268-1271 (1978).

23. Review of James S. Trefil's, Physics as a Liberal Art, American Journal of Physics 47, 122-123 (1979).

24. Review of Gilbert Shapiro's, Physics Without Math, American Journal of Physics 48, 324 (1980).

25. "Electromagnetic Mass, Relativity, and the Kaufmann Experiments," James T. Cushing, American Journal of Physics 49, 1133-1149 (1981).

26. "Models and Methodologies in Current Theoretical High-Energy Physics," James T. Cushing, Synthese 50, 5-101 (1982).

27. "A Response," James T. Cushing, Synthese 50, 109-123 (1982).

28. "Kepler's Laws and Universal Gravitation in Newton's Principia," James T. Cushing, American Journal of Physics 50, 617-628 (1982).

29. "Models and Methodologies in Current Theoretical High-Energy Physics," James T. Cushing, in Hans S. Plendl (ed.), Philosophical Problems of Modern Physics (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1982), pp. 5-101.

30. "Models, High-Energy Theoretical Physics and Realism," James T. Cushing, in P. D. Asquith and T. Nickles (eds.) Proceedings of the 1982 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vol. II, Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 31-56 (1983).

31. "A Response to Paul Teller," James T. Cushing, in Asquith and Nickles, Proceedings of the 1982 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vol. II, Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 112-113 (1983).

32. Review of Bruce A. Sherwood's Notes on Classical Mechanics, American Journal of Physics 51, 958-959 (1983).

33. Essay review of Edward M. MacKinnon's Scientific Explanation and Atomic Physics, Erkenntnis 21, 89-100 (1984).

34. Review of Laurie M. Brown and Lillian Hoddeson's The Birth of Particle Physics, American Journal of Physics 52, 667-668(1984).

35. "The Spring-Mass System Revisited," James T. Cushing, American Journal of Physics 52, 925-933 (1984).

36. "The Method of Characteristics Applied to the Massive Spring Problem," James T. Cushing, American Journal of Physics 52, 933-937 (1984).

37. "The Convergence and Content of Scientific Opinion," James T. Cushing, in P. D. Asquith and P. Kitcher (eds.), Proceedings of the 1984 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vol. I, Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 211-223 (1984).

38. Review of Husain Sarkar's A Theory of Method, American Journal of Physics 52, 1054 (1984).

39. "But, Who Will Publish a Sane Introductory Physics Text?", James T. Cushing, American Journal of Physics 52, 1069-1071 (1984).

40. Review of Ian Hacking's Representing and Intervening, Journal of Social and Biological Structures 7, 396-398 (1984).

41. "Is There Just One Possible World? Contingency vs. the Bootstrap," James T. Cushing, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 16, 31-48 (1985).

42. "Comment on Angelidis' Universality Claim," James T. Cushing, Physical Review Letters 54, 2059(1985).

43. Review of Larry Laudan's Science and Values, American Journal of Physics 53, 1119-1120 (1985).

44. Review of Andy Pickering's Constructing Quarks, Philosophy of Science 52, 640-641 (1985).

45. Review of Andy Pickering's Constructing Quarks, American Journal of Physics 54, 381-383 (1986).

46. "The Importance of Heisenberg's S-Matrix Program for the Theoretical High-Energy Physics of the 1950's," James T. Cushing, Centaurus 29, 110-149 (1986).

47. "Causality as an Overarching Principle in Physics," James T. Cushing, in A. Fine and P. Machamer (eds.), Proceedings of the 1986 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vol. I, Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 3-11 (1986).

48. "The Justification and Selection of Scientific Theories," J. T. Cushing, Synthese 78, 1-24 (1989).

49. Review of Nancy J. Nersessian's Faraday to Einstein: Constructing Meaning in Scientific Theories, Foundations of Physics 17, 101-106 (1987).

50. "Foundational Problems in and Methodological Lessons from Quantum Field Theory," James T. Cushing, in H. Brown and R. Harré (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Quantum Field Theory, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 25-39 (1988).

51. Review of John C. Polkinghorne's One World, American Journal of Physics 55, 188-190 (1987).

52. Review of Allan Franklin's The Neglect of Experiment, Foundations of Physics 19, 115-118 (1989).

53. Review of J. C. Pitt's (ed.) Change and Progress in Modern Science , Philosophy of Science 57, 173-176 (1990).

54. "A Background Essay," James T. Cushing, in J. T. Cushing and E. McMullin (eds.) Philosophical Consequences of Quantum Theory, University of Notre Dame Press, pp. 1-24 (1989).

55. "A Tough Act: History, Philosophy and Introductory Physics (An American Perspective)," James T. Cushing, Interchange 20, 54-59 (1989).

56. Review of Dugald Murdoch's Niels Bohr's Philosophy of Physics, American Journal of Physics 56, 956-957 (1988).

57. Review of Peter Galison's How Experiments End, Foundations of Physics 19, 625-627 (1989).

58. "Quantum Theory and Explanatory Discourse: Endgame for Understanding?", James T. Cushing, Philosophy of Science 58, 337-358 (1991).

59. "Is Scientific Methodology Interestingly Atemporal?", James T. Cushing, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41, 177-194 (1990).

60. "Conceptual and Social Factors in the Nonacceptance of Causal Quantum Theory," James T. Cushing, Abstracts of the XVIII International Congres of History of Science ICHS, Hamburg-München, 1989).

61. Review of David Park's The How and the Why, American Journal of Physics 57, 567-568 (1989).

62. "Causal Quantum Theory: Why a Nonstarter?", James T. Cushing, in Franco Selleri (ed.), The Wave-Particle Duality, Plenum Publishing Co., pp. 37-68 (1992).

63. "Copenhagen Hegemony: Need It Be So?", James T. Cushing, in P. Lahti and P. Mittelstaedt (eds.), Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1990, World Scientific Publishing Co., pp.89-98 (1991).

64. Review of Franco Selleri's Quantum Paradoxes and Physical Reality, American Journal of Physics 58, 797-798 (1990).

65. Review of Elie Zahar's Einstein's Revolution: A Study in Heuristic, Foundations of Physics 20, 1241-1244 (1990).

66. Review of Fritz Rohrlich's From Paradox to Reality, Physics Today 43, No. 11, pp. 84-87 (1990).

67. "Underdetermination, Conventionalism and Realism: The 'Copenhagen' vs. the Bohm Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics," James T. Cushing, in Steven French and Harmke Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics: Essays in Honour of Heinz Post , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 261-278 (1993).

68. Review of K. C. Wali's Chandra: A Biography of S. Chandrasekhar, Centaurus 35, 89-91 (1992).

69. "What If Bell Had Come Before 'Copenhagen'?", James T. Cushing, in A. van der Merwe, F. Selleri and G. Tarozzi (eds.), Bell's Theorem and the Foundations of Modern Physics, World Scientific Publishing Co., pp. 125-134 (1993).

70. Review of Simon Saunders and Harvey R. Brown's Philosophy of Vacuum, American Journal of Physics 60, 668-669 (1991).

71. Review of Frank Close's Too Hot to Handle: The Race for Cold Fusion, Philosophy of Science 60, 666-667 (1993).

72. Review of Jan Faye's Niels Bohr: His Heritage and Legacy, Philosophy of Science 61, 149-150 (1994).

73. "Physics: Its Principles, History and Philosophy," James T. Cushing, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on HPS in Science Education, Queen's University Press, pp. 211-220 (1992).

74. "Why Local Realism?", James T. Cushing, in A. Garuccio and A. van der Merwe (eds.), Waves and Particles in Light and Matter, Plenum Publishing Co., pp. 223-235 (1994).

75. "Why Local Realism?", James T. Cushing, Hadronic Journal Supplement 8, 347-394 (1993).

76. "Historical Contingency and Theory Selection in Science," James T. Cushing, in D. Hull, M. Forbes and K. Okruhlik (eds.), Proceedings of the 1992 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vol. I, Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 446-457 (1992).

77. "A Bohmian Response to Bohr's Complementarity," James T. Cushing, in Henry J. Folse and Jan Faye (eds.), Niels Bohr and Contemporary Philosophy, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 57-75 (1994).

78. Review of Martin H. Krieger's How Physicists Take Hold of the World, Physics Today 46 (3), 87-88 (1993).

79. "Bohm's Theory: Common Sense Dismissed," James T. Cushing, Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 24, 815-842 (1993).

80. Review of Abner Shimony's Search for a Naturalistic World View, American Journal of Physics 62, 286-288 (1994).

81. "Conservation Principles," James T. Cuhing, in Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Routledge, Vol. 2, pp. 606-608.

82. "Electrodynamics," James T. Cushing, in Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Routledge, Vol. 3, pp. 259-260.

83. "The Philosophy of Physics," James T. Cushing, in John S. Rigden (ed. in chief), Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics, Simon & Schuster Macmillan, pp. 1190-1193 (1996).

84. "Hermeneutics, Underdetermination and Quantum Mechanics," James T. Cushing, Science & Education 4, 137-146 (1995).

85. "Locality/Separability: Is This Necessarily a Useful Distinction?", James T. Cushing, in R. M. Burian, D. Hull and M. Forbes (eds.), Proceedings of the 1994 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vol. I, Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 107-116 (1994).

86. "Can Tunneling Times Discriminate Between 'Bohm' and 'Copenhagen'?", James T. Cushing, in K. V. Laurikainen, C. Montonen and K. Sunnaborg (eds.), Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1994, Editions Frontières, pp. 61-70 (1994).

87. Review of David Bohm and Basil Hiley's The Undivided Universe: An Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Theory, Foundation of Physics 25, 507-510 (1995).

88. Review of Arthur I. Miller's Early Quantum Electrodynamics: A Source Book, Centaurus 37, 178-179 (1994).

89. "What Measurement Problem?", James T. Cushing, in R. Clifton (ed.), Perspectives on Quantum Reality, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 167-181 (1996).

90. "It Is the Theory Which Decides What We Can Observe," James T. Cushing, in R. S. Cohen and J. Stachel (eds.), Experimental Metaphysics — Quantum Mechanical Studies in Honor of Abner Shimony, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 13-23 (1997).

91. "Quantum Tunneling Times: A Crucial Test for the Causal Program?", James T. Cushing, Foundations of Physics 25, 269-280 (1995).

92. "The Causal Quantum Theory Program," James T. Cushing, in James T. Cushing, Arthur Fine and Sheldon Goldstein (eds.), Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Theory: An Appraisal, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 1-19 (1996).

93. "A Little Ado About Something: the Value of Concrete Illustrations in Teaching," James T. Cushing, Science & Education 4, 197 (1995).

94. Review of Jagdish Mehra's The Beat of a Different Drum: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman, Isis 87, 387-399 (1996).

95. Review of Jan Hilgevoord's Physics and Our View of the World, Foundations of Physics 26, 139-142 (1996).

96. Review of Laurie M. Brown's Renormalization: From Lorentz to Landau (and Beyond), Foundations of Physics 26, 427-429 (1996).

97. Review of Andrew Whitaker's Einstein, Bohr and the Quantum Dilemma, The Times Higher Education Supplement No. 1, 219 (March 15), 25 (1996).

98. "Quantum Mechanics and Underdetermination," in Igor Douven and Leon Horsten (eds.), Realism in the Sciences, Leuven University Press, pp. 185-201 (1996).

99. Review of Michel Bitbol's (ed.) The Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, Isis 87, 570-571 (1996).

100. Review of F. David Peat's The Infinite Potential: The Life and Times of David Bohm, Physics Today 50, 77-78 (1997).

101. Review of Tian Yu Cao's Conceptual Developments of 20th Century Field Theories, Physics Today 50 (6), 79-80 (1997).

102. "Bohmian Mechanics and Chaos," James T. Cushing and Gary E. Bowman, in Jeremy Butterfield and Constantine Pagonis (eds.), From Physics to Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, pp. 90-107 (1999).

103. Review of David Deutsch's The Fabric of Reality, The Times Higher Education Supplement No. 1, 299 (September 12) , 32 (1997).

104. Review of Roger Newton's The Truth of Science, Physics Today 51 (4), 66 (1998).

105. Review of Lochlainn O'Raifeartaigh's The Dawning of Gauge Theory, Isis 89, 152-153 (1998).

106. Review of Dipankar Home's Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Physics, Physics Today 51 (10), 79 (1998).

107. "Quantum Mechanics and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge" in Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Foundations of Science Vol. 4, No.2 (to be published).

108. "A Visão de Mundo da Mecânica Quântica: Determinista ou Indeterminista?" in Fundamentos da Física 1: Simpósio David Bohm, Osvaldo Pessoa Jr. (ed.) (Editora Livraria da Física, São Paulo, Brazil), pp. 1-18 (2000).

109. "Bohmian Mechanics and Its Ontological Commitments" in the Proceedings of the III International Ontology Congress, Imprenta Luna (Bilbao, Spain), pp. 125-134.

110. "Bohmian Insights into Quantum Chaos," Proceedings of the 1998 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vol. II (to be published).

111. Review of John Hatton and Paul B. Plouffe's (eds.) Science and Its Ways of Knowing, American Journal of Physics 67, 360-361 (1999).

112. Review of Lillian Hoddeson, Laurie Brown, Michael Riordan and Max Dresden (eds.) The Rise of the Standard Model: Particle Physics in the 1960s and 1970s, Isis 90, 835 (1999).

113. Review of Roalnd Omnès' Understanding Quantum Mechanics, Times Higher Education Supplement No. 1,426 (March 10), 28 (2000).

114. Review of Helge Kragh's Quantum Generations, Physics in Perspective 2, 217-218 2000).

115. Review of Rinat Nugayev's Reconstruction of Mature Theory Change, History of Physics Newsletter 7 (6), 12-14 (2000).

116. Review of Partha Ghose's Testing Quantum Mechanics on New Ground, Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32, 131-134 (2001).

117. "The Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Through 1935," Annalen der Physik (to be published).

118. Review of Roberto Torretti's The Philosophy of Physics, Isis (to be published).

B. Books

1. Applied Analytical Mathematics for Physical Scientists, James T. Cushing, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 651 pages (1975).

2. Science and Reality: Recent Work in the Philosophy of Science, James T. Cushing, C. F. Delaney and Gary Gutting (eds.), University of Notre Dame Press, 195 pages (1984).

3. Philosophical Consequences of Quantum Theory, James T. Cushing and Ernan McMullin (eds.), Notre Dame, IN, University of Notre Dame Press, 314 pages (1989).

4. Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics: The S Matrix, James T. Cushing, Cambridge University Press, 409 pages (1990).

5. Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony, James T. Cushing, The University of Chicago Press, 317 pages (1994).

6. Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Theory: An Appraisal, James T. Cushing, Arthur Fine and Sheldon Goldstein (eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, viii + 403 pages (1996).

7. Philosophical Concepts in Physics, James T. Cushing, Cambridge University Press, xix + 424 pages (1998).

Doctoral Dissertations Directed

1. Udo W. Pooch, "Broken Internal Symmetries and Mass Sum Rules in S-Matrix Theory" (1969).

2. Stephen A. Longo, "Chiral and Conformal Symmetries in a Nonpolynomial Lagrangian" (1971).

3. Brian Cheng-jean Chen, "Electromagnetic Effects for the Processes p±p Æ p±p+n" (1974).

4. W. Michael Dickson, "Probability and Locality: Determinism versus Indeterminism in Quantum Mechanics" (1995).

5. Lon Becker, "On Testing for the Stage of Collapse in Quantum Mechanics" (1996). [UIC degree]

6. Yuri V. Balashov, "Laws of Nature and the Universe: Philosophical Implications of Modern Cosmology" (1998).

7. Darrin Belousek, "Ontological Commitments and Theory Appraisal in the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics" (1998).

8. Gary E. Bowman, "Bohmian Mechanics, the Classical Limit and Chaos" (in progress).

9. Alisa N. Bokulich, "Chaos and Quantum Mechanics: A Critical Historical and Philosophical Perspective" (in progress).